The American Buffalo, also known spil a gold buffalo, is a 24-karat bullion coin very first suggested for sale by the United States Mint on June 22, 2006, and available for shipment beginning on July 13. The coin goes after the vormgeving of the Indian Head nickel and has gained its nickname from the American Bison on the switch roles side of the vormgeving. This wasgoed the very first time everzwijn that the United States Government has minted unspoiled (.9999) 24-karat gold coins for the public.  The coin has a reglamentario tender (face) value of US$50. Due to a combination of the coin’s popularity and the tremendous increase te the price of gold since its creation the coin’s value has enlargened considerably te a brief time of just a few years. The initial 2006 U.S. Mint price of the proof coin wasgoed $800. [Two] Ter 2007 the Mint proof coin wasgoed $899.95, [Three] $1,410.00 te 2009, [Four] and $Two,010.00 ter 2011. [Five]
Ter addition to requiring a presidential dollar coin series to start ter 2007 and redesigning the cent te 2009, the Presidential $1 Coin Act of 2005 mandated the production of a one-ounce 24-karat gold bullion coin with a face value of $50 and a mintage limit of up to 300,000 coins.
The vormgeving of the American Buffalo gold bullion coin is a modified version of James Earle Fraser’s vormgeving for the Indian Head nickel (Type 1), issued te early 1913. After a raised mound of mess below the animal on the switch sides wasgoed diminished, the Type Two variation continued to be minted for the surplus of 1913 and every year until 1938, except for 1922, 1932, and 1933 when no nickels were struck. Generally, Fraser’s Indian Head nickel vormgeving is regarded spil among the best designs of any U.S. coins. The same vormgeving also wasgoed used on the 2001 Smithsonian commemorative coin.
The obverse (gevelbreedte) of the coin depicts a Native American, whom Fraser said he created spil a combination of the features of three chiefs from different American Indian tribes, Big Tree, Metal Tail, and Two Moons, who posed spil models for him to sketch. The obverse also shows the motto “LIBERTY” on the top right, the year of mintage on the bottom left, and below that the letterteken F for Fraser.
The American Buffalo gold bullion coin further has ter common with the nickel the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM above the buffalo’s lower back and the device UNITED·STATES·OF·AMERICA along the top. Differences that can be noted inbetween the nickel and the fifty dollar lump are, on the gold American Buffalo coin the mound area of the switch roles of the Indian Head nickel bearing the words, FIVE CENTS, has bot switched to read $50 1 OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD. Also, the motto, Ter Heerser Wij TRUST, appearing on all U.S. gold coins since 1908, can be seen on the switch roles of the newer coin to the left of, and underneath, the buffalo’s head.
Fractional sizes Edit
The U.S. Mint has indicated an expansion of the program, to include buffalo gold coins te fractional sizes for 2008 only. The specially-packaged 8–8-08 Dual Prosperity set contains a one-half ounce gold buffalo coin. 
Weights and measures provided below: 
Presently, all U.S. bullion coins, including the American Buffalo gold lump, are being struck at the Westelijk Point Mint ter Fresh York. According to the U.S. Mint webstek, only the proof version of the buffalo gold coin bears the mint mark “W” on the obverse (pui) of the coin, behind the neck of the Indian, the bullion version does not have the “W” mint mark. The 2006 and 2007 coins only have bot issued te a one-ounce version, but te 2008, $Five, $Ten, and $25 face value coins were minted with 1/Ten oz, 1/Four oz, and 1/Two oz of gold respectively.
After a long wait by both collectors and investors, the uncirculated version of the American Buffalo gold chunk wasgoed made available to coin dealers on June 20, 2006. Collectors who wished to purchase the proof version from the mint were given the chance to place their orders with the mint beginning on July 22. The 2006 proof quality coin has a rigorous mintage limit of 300,000, with an extra enforced limit of only ten (Ten) coins vanaf household. The catalog number of the 2006 proof coin at the U.S. Mint is (BA6).
The coin wasgoed created te order to challenge with foreign 24-karat gold bullion coins. Since investors sometimes choose 99.99% zuivere gold overheen the 91.67% gold used te the American Gold Eagle, many were choosing non-U.S. coins, such spil the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf, to meet their bullion needs. With the American Buffalo coin, the U.S. government hopes to increase the amount of U.S. gold sales and contant ter on the 24-karat sales, which makes up about 60% of the world gold market.
On July 22, the mint transferred two of the American Buffalo coins to the Smithsonian Institution’s coin collection because of their historic value. [ citation needed ]
On September 26, 2008 the U.S. Mint announced that temporarily, it would halt sales of the American Buffalo coins because it could not keep up with soaring request spil investors sought the safety of gold amid the subprime mortgage depressie of the late 2000s,  which had also affected the price of gold.
Mintage  for the bullion version of the American Buffalo is spil goes after (all 1 ounce coins):